Annette Steele isn’t destitute or unemployed. But she’ll receive $500 monthly in no-strings-attached payments for a year as part of an experimental universal basic income program in upstate New York. From Compton, California, to Richmond, Virginia, Places are trying outprograms, which gained more attention after the pandemic idled millions of workers.
Steele, a specialaide, is getting her payments through an Ulster County program covering parts of the Catskill Mountains and the Hudson River Valley. program, funded by private donations, 100 county residents making less than $46,900 annually will get $500 a month for a year.
The income threshold was 80% of the county’s average median income. It includes people experiencing poverty and a slice of the middle class — people who face financial stress but might not ordinarily qualify for government aid based on income. The pilot could give researchers a fuller picture of what happens when a range of.
For Steele, 57, it’s a welcome financial boost that helped her pay for car insurance and groceries. “It lessens my bills,” said Steele, who . “People think you make this tremendous amount of money because you’ve worked so many years. But no.”
Less than 100 miles (160 kilometers) north of New York City, Ulster County is a popular destination for weekenders headed to Woodstock or the Catskill Mountains. Its big city, Kingston, is small, with 23,000 people.
Basic income programs elsewhere tend to focus on cities. In contrast, this upstate program stretches over a mix of places: a city, small towns, and remote areas many miles from bus lines and supermarkets.
“Showing that this approach will work not just in urban areas, but for rural parts of the country — which we know is one of our big national problems — I think there’s great opportunity there,” said Ulster County Executive Patrick Ryan.
As the pandemic ebbs, Ryan sawto help local families struggling to get ahead or even get by. He said that many people in the county were already stretched thin by housing costs before the pandemic when a large influx of New York City residents led to skyrocketing prices.
The first payments were made in mid-May. Recipients of the money can spend it as they wish but will be asked to participate in periodic surveys about their physical health,, and employment status.
The Center for Guaranteed Income master’s degree.of Pennsylvania, which the school formed with the Mayors for a Guaranteed Income, evaluates the pilot program. Recipient Eric Luna, a 26-year-old electrical lab technician, said the money would help pay the in Wallkill. But he also hopes to set some aside, possibly for a
“I’m also learning how to save money,” he said. “So this will be a learning experience.” There were more than 4,200 applicants for the program in a county of 178,000 people. Center for Guaranteed Income Research co-founder Stacia West, evaluating more than 20 such pilot programs, is interested in seeing how spending compares to cities like Stockton, California, where more than a third went for food.
“Knowing what we know about barriers to employment, especially in rural areas, we may see more money going toward transportation than we’veWest, a University of Tennessee College of Social Work professor. “But it remains to be seen.”
Proponents of guaranteed incomes say recipients can decide how to spend the money best — food, job search, or replacing a refrigerator. They say the funds can complement the existing social safety net or be used as an emergency response when the economy starts tanking.
The end goal for several advocates is a universal basic income, or UBI, which would distribute cash payment programs for all adults. The UBI idea helped fuel a stronger-than-expected Democratic presidential primary runby Andrew Yang, who proposed $1,000 a month for every American adult.
Yang, who has a second home in Ulster County, is now running for Newmayor with a basic income proposal to help lower-income residents. Yang hasn’t been involved in Ulster’s program but that the nonprofit he founded, Humanity Forward, helped share experiences on starting a UBI pilot.
Critics of cash transfer programs worry about their effectiveness and cost compared to aid programs targeting funds for food, shelter, or help raising children. Drake University economics professor Heath Henderson is concerned the programs less likely to apply, including those without homes.
While people might benefit from a cash infusion, he said the money is unlikely to address the structural issues holding people back, like inadequate health care and schools. “If we keep thinking about remedying poverty in terms of just throwing cash at people, you’re not thinking about the structures that kind of reproduce poverty in the first place, and you’re not at all,” Henderson said.